Mount Kilimanjaro (5.895m) is the highest peak in Africa, one of the Seven Summits and the world’s highest free-standing mountain. It is also one of the largest freestanding mountains in the world and is a large massif that is comprised of 3 volcanoes: Kibo (5894m, dormant), Mawenzi (5149m, dormant), and Shira (3962m, extinct).
Kilimanjaro is getting to be a very popular mountain and there are many popular routes, it is unique in that during the ascent you will climb through all climatological zones. Starting in tropical rain forest through moss and desert to the snow on the summit.
The name itself is a mystery wreathed in clouds. It might mean Mountain of Light, Mountain of Greatness or Mountain of Caravans. Or it might not. The local people, the Wachagga, don’t even have a name for the whole massif, only Kipoo (now known as Kibo) for the familiar snowy peak that stands imperious, overseer of the continent, the summit of Africa.
Several attempts lead to the first ascent of Kilimanjaro in the autumn of 1889, by the German climber Hans Meyer and the Austrian climber Ludwig Purtscheller. It was Hans Meyers third attempt before reaching the summit.
Credits:Muhammad Mahdi Karim
Tanzania, East Africa